RESOURCES

TAX CUTS & JOBS ACT OF 2017

Are you wondering how the Tax Cut and Jobs Act legislation impacts you?  We've outlined the key highlights below (as described by Oxford Financial Group, LTD).

Rate Brackets

Individual Income Tax Rate Brackets:

Capital Gain Rate Brackets:

Deductions

  • Standard Deductions:

    • Single: $12,000

    • Head Of Household: $18,000

    • Married Filing Jointly: $24,000

  • Personal Exemptions are eliminated.

  • Pease Limitation on Itemized Deductions are repealed. 

  • Home Mortgage Interest Deduction for acquisition indebtedness incurred after December 15, 2017 will be limited to indebtedness of no more than $750,000. This cap rises back to $1,000,000 in 2026.

  • Current acquisition indebtedness, incurred before December 15, 2017, remains deductible up to $1,000,000. 

  • Refinanced debt will be treated as incurred on the date of the original indebtedness so long as no increased indebtedness results, the original term of indebtedness has not expired and the refinanced term does not extend beyond the original term of indebtedness. 

  • Home equity interest is no longer deductible for tax years 2018 through 2025. 

  • State and Local Income Tax Deduction and State Property Tax Deduction allowed up to a combined $10,000 for individuals only. 

  • Cannot prepay 2018 state and local income taxes and deduct them in 2017. “… an amount paid in a taxable year beginning before January 1, 2018, with respect to a State or local income tax imposed for a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2017, shall be treated as paid on the last day of the taxable year for which such tax is so imposed.” 

  • Limitation for cash contributions to public charities is increased to 60% of AGI. 

  • Personal Casualty Losses Deduction is repealed, with the exception of if the loss occurs in a federally declared disaster area. 

  • Medical Expense Deduction is allowed for medical expenses exceeding 7.5% of Adjusted Gross Income in 2017 and 2018. Beginning in 2019, such expenses must exceed 10% of AGI. 

  • Miscellaneous Itemized Deductions are repealed. 

  • Teacher Expense Credit and Student Loan Interest Deduction are retained as above the line deductions.

Other Individual Income Tax Planning Provisions

  • Continues to allow current cost basis options for sales and dispositions of securities. (Note – The proposal to require First in First out (FIFO) for securities sales and dispositions was rejected.)

  • AMT Remains But With Increased Exemptions

    • Single:  $70,300

    • Married Filing Jointly:  $109,400

  • Exclusion of up to $500,000 for married couples and $250,000 for single filers of capital gain from the sale of a principal residence remains if owned and used as such for at least 2 out of last 5 years.

  • “Kiddie Tax” rules that taxed a child’s unearned income above a certain level at the parent’s tax rate are repealed. Effective 1/1/2018, a child’s unearned income will instead be taxed at Trust and Estate Tax Rates. 

  • Increases the Child Tax Credit to $2,000, beginning 1/1/2018 for a child under the age of 17. Additionally it is refundable up to $1,400 and subject to phase-out’s that will begin at $400,000 rather than $110,000 for MFJ. 

  • Creates a new credit of $500 for non-child dependents. 

  • Alimony payments will no longer be an above the line deduction for the payor and are no longer included in the income of the recipient for the following new agreements entered into after 2018: divorce decrees, separate agreements and certain modifications. 

  • 529 plans can be used for elementary and high school expenses up to $10,000 per year as well as higher education expenses. 

  • Like-Kind exchanges will be limited to real property. 

  • Repeals the Affordable Care Act mandate requiring individuals to have Health Insurance. 

  • Eliminates recharacterization of Roth IRA conversions. 

  • Interest from an advanced refunding bond issued after 12/31/2007 is no longer tax exempt.

Estate, Gift, and GST Provisions 

  • Combined Estate/Gift Exemption and GST Exemption increases to $11,200,000 beginning 1.1.2018 and will increase annually for inflation through 12.31.2025.

  • Combined Estate/Gift Exemption and GST Exemption will return to current levels, indexed for inflation, on 12.31.2025. 

  • Retains step-up in cost basis at death.

Corporate Tax Highlights

  • Business Tax Rate is reduced to 21% with limits on net interest expense deductions effective 1.1.2018. 

  • Expensing of Capital Investments of machines and equipment is allowed through 2022. 

  • Repeals Corporate AMT as of 1/1/2018. 

  • Eliminates NOL carrybacks; unlimited carryforwards limited to 80% of current year taxable income. 

  • Carried Interest provisions are modified to require a three year holding period for certain partnership interests transferred in connection with the performance of services in order to receive capital gain tax treatment. 

  • Deduction for entertainment, amusement or recreation; membership dues for a club organized for business, pleasure, recreation or other social purposes; or a facility used in connection with the above is repealed as of 1.1.2018. 

  • Deduction for Employee Achievement Awards paid in cash, cash equivalents, gift coupons or certificates as well as vacations, meals, lodging or tickets to theater or sporting events, stocks, bonds or securities is repealed as of 1.1.2018.

Pass-Through Entity Highlights

  • 20% deduction will be available on individual return for income from certain pass-through entities and allowed between 1.1.2018 and 12.31.2025. 

  • Deduction does not apply to taxpayers with income from “Specified Service Businesses” whose taxable income exceeds $315,000 for married individuals filing jointly or $157,500 for other individuals (indexed for inflation).  A “Specified Service Business” is any trade or business involving the performance of services in the fields of health, law, accounting, actuarial science, performing arts, consulting, athletics, financial services, brokerage services or any trade or business where the principal asset of such trade or business is the reputation or skill of one (1) or more of its employees. Does not include engineering and architecture service. 

  • The 20% deduction is a reduction from taxable income only, not AGI, and is available to both non-itemizers and itemizers.  The 20% deduction is limited to the greater of 50% of the owner’s allocable share of W-2 wages paid by the business, or the sum of 25% of the W-2 wages PLUS 2.5% of the unadjusted basis, immediately after acquisition, of all qualified property which is tangible property subject to depreciation, held by a qualified trade or business and used in the production of qualified business income. Wages or guaranteed payments continue to be taxed as ordinary income. The reasonable compensation standards for S-corporation owners remains in place.

 
WHAT TO BRING TO YOUR APPOINTMENT

To ensure we are able to do the best job possible please bring the following items to your appointment:

  • Prior Year Return Copies (3 Years)

  • Personal & Dependent Info (SSN, Date of Birth, Relationship)

  • Income Statements (W-2’s, 1098, 1099, K-1’s)

  • Itemized Deductions (Mortgage Interest, State & Local Taxes Paid, Real Estate Taxes, Closing Statements, Donations, Job Related Expenses)

  • Retirement / Education (IRA’s, HSA’s, 1098-T, 1099-Q, NYS Saves Contributions)

  • Stocks & Mutual Funds (Date of Purchase / Sale, Purchase Price, Cost Basis, 1099-B)

  • Rental Properties (Summary of Income & Expenses, Type, Address, Date of Purchase, Closing Statements)

  • Business Use of Home (Square Footage, Date Placed in Service, Utility Expenses, Purchase Price)

  • Residential Energy Improvements (Heating / Cooling Systems, Water Heaters, Windows, Doors, Insulation, Solar)

  • Estimated Tax Payments (Dates & Amounts Paid)

  • Moving Expenses (Costs to move household goods, storage expenses, trip for final move)

  • Completed Tax Planner

  • Signed Engagement Letter

 
 
WHERE'S MY REFUND?
Federal Returns

Please use the buttons below to check on the status of your return.  Please note, it can take up to 3 weeks after submission for status information to be updated.

State Returns

In order to find out the status of your State return please use the selection box below.  This will direct you to the status details that are provided by each State. 

TAX TIPS

At Executax, we know all too well how overwhelming taxes can be. Whether you're trying to manage your personal or business finances, nothing ever seems to come easy. 

1040's and 1120's, W-2's and 1099's... how is anyone supposed to know what these numbers mean, let alone figure out how to fill out the forms?

These tax tips will help explain the basics and get you up to speed on how everything works so you're not in the dark come filing time.

 

Your Federally-Licensed Tax Professionals.

Address

7 Hemphill Place, Suite 230

Ballston Spa, NY 12020

Tax Season Hours (Jan. 2 - Apr. 30)

Monday - Friday: 8:00 am to 9:00 pm

Saturday - Sunday: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm

Outside of Tax Season we are available by Appointment Only.

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This site is for information purposes only and is not intended to provide financial, accounting, or legal advice. It is best to consult with a professional for financial, accounting, or legal advice.